Three 5G Keys: Critical IoT for a Real-Time Data Revolution

The rate at which technology advances is remarkable, and what may not appear to be a significant change from a worm’s-eye view might be a revolutionary shift of seismic proportions when viewed from a distance.

The iterations of early cellular network generations were not intended to be “reinventions of the wheel,” but the ripple effects of steadily increasing capability have encouraged new modes of communication and, ultimately, consumer and corporate practices. Before 2G, mobile handsets did not enable SMS texting. Before 3G, it was more difficult to connect to the internet and navigate on a smartphone. 4G’s increased speed and bandwidth facilitated the introduction of a new generation of streaming services and other online-based mobile services, such as ridesharing and vacation rental booking.

It is astounding to consider how 5G will affect the next generation of innovation with its increased bandwidth and decreased latency. Massive machine-type communications (MTC) enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), and ultra-reliable low-latency communications are the three 5G segments (URLLC). URLLC and how it will usher in crucial IoT, a new branch of the Internet of Things (IoT).

Extremely Reliable Low-Delay Communications

With URLLC comes the birth of critical IoT, which will allow use cases that the term implies—critically vital data transmissions where slight blips or delays in network speed could have severe consequences. In an autonomous vehicle, you would not want your network speed to, so to speak, begin buffering.

URLLC is constructed with near-perfect dependability — 99.999% — with a data transfer rate that is only a flutter of the eye away from real-time.

Self-driving vehicles and remote surgery are two of the most prominent use cases connected with the fast speeds and low latency of 5G. 5G is not the fundamental technology for driverless vehicles. The potential for automobiles to communicate with their environment is where 5G, and URLLC in particular, comes into focus. A self-driving vehicle is capable of traveling along a road with no cars, impediments, or turns. But they will not be the conditions encountered by this future use case. To replicate the complicated micro-decisions made by human drivers, a car must be outfitted with vehicle-to-X communication (V2X) that can support both vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications. URLLCs’ real-time speed and latency support the core pillars of remote surgery, including surgical robots and video and haptic feedback systems.

This is URLLC’s pledge, which is very astonishing. The leap from 4G to 5G is the largest we have ever seen in the development of cellular networks; thus, new ways of living and business will also experience a significant increase.

The Essential IoT Chance


In addition to manufacturing, automation, and self-driving vehicles, URLLC and critical IoT have numerous more fascinating applications. The use of robotics in healthcare has the potential to eliminate human error and provide more thorough diagnostics and treatments. Automatic guided vehicles (AGVs) that move objects and components within a warehouse without human involvement are advantageous to the logistics business. Technology based on sensors and analytics can improve the safety of high-risk occupations including construction, mining, and manufacturing.

URLLC can serve hundreds of use cases that rely on automation to offer intelligence to a variety of operations. Mobile edge computing will bring cloud-based data transmission as close as possible to the device, hence improving network performance and reducing data loads and transmission speeds. It will be exciting to observe the development of these use cases.

The Arrival of URLLC and Essential IoT

The development of mission-critical IoT will take some time, hence tempering enthusiasm. The 5G that has been rolled out globally over the past year is 5G non-standalone (NSA), which leverages the existing 4G LTE network infrastructure. It will not realize its full potential until 5G standalone (SA) infrastructure is implemented.

For organizations deploying 5G SA, constructing new solutions with this connectivity will require more than exchanging SIM cards and gaining access to URLLC. Similarly, to the mobile network providers that are already constructing the infrastructure, enterprises will need to prepare their systems to enable 5G SA or build new ones.

In conclusion, 5G’s new technological advancements will be combined with the IoT’s extremely complex requirements, which have enormous potential. The good news is that it is becoming easier to deploy IoT, it is increasingly common to see projects move well beyond proof of concept and ROI proof, and there are organizations dedicated to ensuring that an organization’s IoT goals are met or exceeded.


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